An Intoduction To Aquaculture
By Michael Souza, About.com Guide
Aquaculture is the breeding and harvesting of plants and animals in water. It can take place in natural waterbodies such as ponds, lakes, marshland or brackish water and the ocean. It can also be conducted in man-made tanks, commonly found in fish hatcheries.
Aquaculture is referred to as fish farming. Typical species that are found in aquacultural systems include oysters, salmon, trout, hard and soft-shell clams and other shellfish.
Over the last decade, aquaculture has gained momentum as a viable method to produce seafood. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the leading agency on aquaculture, has dedicated federal guidance and financial aid to states in order to develop aquaculture regulation, policy and physical systems. Officially, NOAA defines aquaculture as "the propagation and rearing of aquatic organisms in controlled or selected aquatic environments for any commercial, recreational, or public purpose."
Pros & Cons of Aquaculture
There are numerous benefits to aquaculture. Aquaculture can help assist in the ever-increasing demand for seafood while ensuring that existing fisheries remain sustainable and consistent. It also is good for the economy. But it also comes with its own inherent problems and difficulties.
Aquaculture continues to be supported by the federal government through several grant and financing programs, making it an attractive and viable alternative to traditional fishing.
Aquaculture Across The World
There are many problems inhibiting the expansion of American aquaculture. However, aquaculture is booming business across the globe.